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Neue Veröffentlichung: Negative Side Effects of Affirmative Action: How Quotas Lead to Distortions in Performance Evaluation

Neue Veröffentlichung: Negative Side Effects of Affirmative Action: How Quotas Lead to Distortions in Performance Evaluation

We study the impact of affirmative action on peer-review behavior. We conduct a real-effort tournament experiment, in which prizes are awarded according to peer-review evaluation. Between treatments, we vary whether or not a quota is implemented and whether or not affirmed individuals face ex-ante procedural disadvantages. We find that quotas lead to distorted peer-reviews, where affirmed individuals receive significantly less favorable reviews than non-affirmed peers with similar performance. Distortions in peer-reviews are robust to changes in ex-ante procedural fairness and seem to be driven by enhanced competition among affirmed individuals.

www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014292120301318